Humane AI was a predecessor of the Network for a Flagship project to develop the scientific foundations and technological breakthroughs needed to shape the ongoing AI revolution. The goal was to deploy AI systems that enhance human capabilities and empower individuals and societies, and ultimately extend human intelligence (rather than replace it). With 35 partners from 17 countries, Humane AI was undertaking a preparatory action to draft an ambitious research agenda to provide competitive advantages to European industry and substantial benefits to society.